The History and Function of the Labour Tithe
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The Labour Tithe
 
Due to the government providing the basic necessities of life in Jazado, food, healthcare, education, utilities etc. As well as the immense bargaining power of labour within the country and the general structure of enterprises, the main incentive to work has been the desire to pursue one’s own life goals. Many have been unshackled from the socioeconomic conditions of the past that held people in bondage and prevented them from the pursuit of enlightenment and personal leisure. Though it is true there is a rather high proportion of artists, writers, musicians and academics in Jazado, it is also equally true that there are many who work meagre service and industrial jobs to fund their own endeavours. However, a problem had arisen wherein those who were once compelled by the economic system of capitalism to take up the repelling jobs in society such as janitorial work, waste disposal and the like, were no longer under the same pressures of the economy and thus could afford to take up different jobs. To be brief, there was a growing labour shortage in those areas during the early 1920s as the government was able to provide much more for its citizens and the solution to it seemed to be the labour tithe.
 
Designed by Sevaka Minitsa, the system worked as such. After the 16 years of mandatory education – all of kindergarten, primary, middle and secondary education as well as an undergraduate education at an institution of higher education – graduates would be “conscripted” and work janitorial jobs, waste disposal jobs, plumbing etc. these people would be paid and would be able to choose which cities or provinces they wished to be deployed in. After three years of service, they would normally get a better job at the place where they worked, so someone who worked as a garbage truck driver would be promoted to a logistical manager after their service if they had the educational requirements. However, after their service people would be able to choose to be trained in trades or other skills and be employed elsewhere if they desire. A common example would be that of architectural students, upon graduation and enrolment into the labour tithe they would choose either to be a janitor at some sort of design firm or be a construction worker for a construction company, normally architectural firms and construction firms are one. But after their service many would become designers or architects, some may decide to become a manager, others during their service may find something else of interest causing them to change occupations. Many firms have lessons/lectures that are given to workers of the labour tithe after their shifts, it is common to see janitors and receptionists listening in on lectures or lessons. Furthermore, construction workers are taught basic concepts in physics when it comes to construction, this merging of educational institutions with industrial and productive institutions was a later addition only coming into prominence in the late 1940s after Umi Khuzhdonik popularised it. This was a great way to ensure that lower skilled labour had the ability to change occupations and allowed for a great amount of occupational mobility. Many people also find satisfaction in their work, the majority of construction workers in Jazado are people who stayed in the profession after the labour tithe, the same is for many who are put to work in the urban farms. Many firms within the service industry actually have little use for janitors, this is because work culture within Jazado encourages workers to clean up after themselves, offices and non-industrial workplaces remain relatively clean. However, when it comes to industrial sites, whether it be steel production or the mass production of textiles, professional janitors are required as individual responsibility would be insufficient to cover most of these cases.
 
The decommodification of goods at a national level saw a steady decrease in demand within the economy. This problem was further compounded by the durability of appliances and electronics with toasters lasting up to 15 years and computers staying functional for over 8, the repairability of electronics also greatly decreased demand for new products and in the years of 1982-2001 there was a large shift to the repair industry. Following the shift was an increase in recycling efforts which decreased demand for the extraction industry, a massive contraction in demand led to a contraction in the economy, factories and assembly plants shut down and, in their place, rose recycling plants and repair shops throughout cities opened up. This and automation displaced a great body of workers and a new solution was required to deal with the rising unemployment in Jazado, around this time a new architectural and economic theory had arisen, mid-density urbanism. It became popular as many Jazadii cities were still reliant on rural farms for agricultural produce, this was mainly because cities still had high population densities and were thus unable to sustain itself with urban and periurban agriculture despite the efforts of the 14th 7-year plan. The 22nd 7-year plan which was also known as the second reconstruction in 1991. Cities sprawled outwards, but unlike the low-density suburban sprawl witnessed in many Kaltach countries, this expansion was controlled and meticulously planned, boards of architects, artists, economists, sociologists and geologists formed boards in every province and assessed cities and their surroundings to find the best method of expansion and also drew up plans for the development of not only buildings but also a robust public transport system. Urban areas average at around 7000 people/km2 and periurban areas averaged around 3000 how ever periurban land on average was four times that of urban land and could at times be up to six times. This meant that urban areas retained the density that allowed them to be efficient with the use of public infrastructure and walking remained as an option, but it also meant that the city would be able to sustain itself through urban and periurban agriculture. The reconstruction of cities led to the creation of many jobs which bolstered employment, furthermore, the use of polyculture agriculture techniques and the labour-intensive nature of the technique meant that many new jobs opened up for the unemployed. Following the 22nd 7-year plan the Jazadoan government changed their development policy from one of a demand fuelled economy to one of massive public works which aimed to increase the standards of living of Jazadii people.
 
After the 22nd 7-year plan the labour tithe was also used to fill the labour demands of the government, this also coincided with the use of prison labour and paying prisoners “half-wages”, now the labour tithe could mean that someone is employed in a starting position at a cooperative or it could mean a better paying salary working in a large government project. Normally those who choose to take part in the 7-year plan during their service in the labour tithe get higher salaries and are able to receive better benefits after their service, this comes with the caveat that they work four years instead of three and many serve in two 7-year plans as they start in the middle or tale end of one.
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